Updated at 10:31 a.m. ET
Hours after President Trump announced tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods, China responded with its own levies on $60 billion worth of U.S. products.
Chinese state television on Tuesday reported that the government has decided to impose tariffs of 5 percent to 10 percent on $60 billion worth of U.S. products, starting on Monday. The tariffs will apply to 5,207 items.
If the U.S. continues to raise its tariffs, China will respond in kind, the report said.
"The Chinese side reiterates that the aim of imposing these tariffs is to prevent trade frictions from escalating and it is a measure of last resort against American unilateralism and trade protectionism," the Chinese state television report said.
In a post on its wesbsite, China's Commerce Ministry accused the U.S. of causing an "economic emergency" in China, and forcing China to retaliate.
In announcing the U.S. tariffs against China on Monday, President Trump said China's trade practices, such as forcing U.S. companies to transfer technology to Chinese firms, "plainly constitute a grave threat to the long-term health and prosperity of the United States economy."
But a senior Trump administration official said Monday that, while it seeks changes in China's trade policies, the U.S. is "not trying to constrain China's growth. ... We remain open to negotiations. We hope that China will come to the table and address the concerns we have raised."
U.S. business officials are continuing to express concerns about the escalating trade war.
"We disagree with the tactics that the president is using," Jake Parker, vice president of the U.S.-China Business Council in Beijing, said on NPR's Morning Edition.
"We don't think tariffs are the answer," Parker said. "We think the two sides need to sit down and negotiate an outcome that is beneficial to both countries, and helps the Chinese implement the types of reforms that the Trump administration is looking for."